Anti Inflammation Relief: A Beginner’s Guide

Anti Inflammation Relief: A Beginner’s Guide

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs, are, by far, the most commonly prescribed medications for conditions like arthritis. Most people are familiar with nonprescription, over-the-counter NSAIDs like aspirin and ibuprofen.

NSAIDs are used for more than just anti inflammation relief. They also aid in the reduction of inflammation and the eradication of fevers. They prevent blood clotting, which is beneficial in some situations but not a lot in others.

Some NSAIDs, such as aspirin, may have a protective effect against cardiovascular disease because they reduce clotting action. You may, however, bruise more easily. NSAIDs can increase your chances of getting nausea, an upset tummy, or an ulcer. They may also impair kidney function. 

How Do They Work?

NSAIDs work by inhibiting the activity of the enzyme (a protein that causes changes in the body). The enzyme is known as cyclooxygenase or COX, and it comes in two varieties. COX-1 guards the stomach lining against harsh acids and digestive chemicals. It also aids in the maintenance of kidney function. When joints are wounded or inflamed, COX-2 is produced.

Traditional NSAIDs inhibit both COX-1 and COX-2 actions, which is why they can induce stomach upset and bleeding while also alleviating pain and inflammation.

NSAIDs are available in a variety of strengths and formulations. Some may be more suitable for you than others. Your doctor can assist you in determining the best dose and medication for you.

In general, NSAIDs should be taken with food or a glass of milk, and you should avoid consuming alcohol while taking NSAIDs.

Treatment Applications

Inflammatory conditions like arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis are frequently treated with NSAIDs. NSAIDs are comparatively cheap and are frequently used as the first line of pain and anti inflammation relief medication.

For people with cardiac disease, very low doses of NSAIDs may be prescribed.

COX-2 inhibitors cost more than traditional NSAIDs. Because they may be gentler on the stomach, they are frequently prescribed for long-term conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Some studies, however, have found no difference in the incidence of gastrointestinal side effects between traditional NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors.

Recent research suggests that both NSAIDs and COX-2 inhibitors may slow bone healing, but the extent of this effect is unknown.

The Risks

Inform your doctor if you are pregnant, have high blood pressure, have breathing problems, have a history of kidney or liver disease, or have previously had ulcers. People over the age of 65 should exercise extra caution when taking NSAIDs. Inform your doctor about any other medications you are using. Some medications’ effects may be exacerbated or counteracted by NSAIDs. The risk and severity of adverse effects increase as you use NSAIDs for a longer period.